Model 54 Winchester

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Introduction | I. Models | II. Variations | III. Condition
Model 54 (Outline) | Gun Parts Diagram

A Brief History of Winchester Rifles and the Model 54

Winchester Rifles and Shotguns was established by Oliver F. Winchester on February 20, 1866.  The first model produced under his name was the Model 1866 lever-action rifle .44 caliber rimfire.  There had been earlier rifles using lever action  including the Rocket Ball and Volition Repeater in 1848, Jennings Rifle (patent 1851), Smith and Wesson pistol, and Volcanic Repeating Arms (New Haven Arms Company and Henry Rifles).  When the design was improved by B. Henry Tyler (shop foreman at the New Haven Arms Company), the .44 caliber metallic rimfire cartridge became powerful enough to compete with the single shot rifles of the day.   Winchester Repeating Arms Company established itself as one of the world's leading firearms manufacturers of the world, and the subsequent rifles produced by Winchester are highly prized today by collectors.

About Model 54 Winchester Rifles - In 1925, Winchester introduced the Model 54 bolt-action rifle as the first Winchester rifle made for high velocity heavy ammunition.  The Model 54 was available in .270, 30-30, 30-06, 7mm, 7.65, 9 mm, .250-3000, .22 Hornet, .220 Swift, and .257 Roberts calibers.  This rifle could be ordered with a round 20, 24 or 26 inch barrel, the forearm smooth or checkered, a walnut pistol-grip stock, and shotgun (originally metal) butt-plate.  The frame and barrel were blued and had a solid feature.


The Model 54 was manufactured through 1936 with approximately 50,145 guns produced during the 11-year production period.  The Model 54 was discontinued because it was replaced by the famous Model 70 Winchester rifle.

Click Here to see a Chronological History of Winchester Firearms

To determine the value of your firearm, you must first analyze it carefully.  There are 7 distinct 54 models, and then caliber variations, and they all vary somewhat in value.  In appraising your rifle, you must initially determine if you have the  20, 22, or 24 inch inch barrel  model, then the type of caliber variation.   After selecting the appropriate Model and variation, you will be easily guided to the value range.  There are 4 steps to this process.

Step 1: Determine the Model of firearm
Step 2: Determine the Variation of model type
Step 3: Determine the Condition of firearm
Step 4:
Determine the Book Value of firearm

Click Here to Begin at Step 1.


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Introduction | Models | Variations | Condition | Model 54 Outline of Features | Gun Parts